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玉虎流骨指術 - Gyokko Ryū Kosshijutsu
Founded in mid-1500 by Toda Sakyo Isshinsai, though it is possible to trace this linage back to the first disputed founder, Tozawa Hakuunsai, in the mid-1100's. Gyokko Ryū's history is, however, believed to be of even older origin than this.
Gyokko Ryū teaches kosshijutsu (using the fingers to attack vital points) and is characterized by circular movements.
The school also incorporates throwing, locking and striking techniques.
虎倒流骨法術 - Kotō Ryū Koppōjutsu
As "sister-school" of Gyokko Ryū, the current form was also founded and organized by Toda Sakyo Isshinsai. However, the history is also of equal age, as it is believed these two ryū were always passed down together.
Kotō Ryū teaches the same arts as Gyokko ryū but, there is an emphasis on "koppōjutsu" (bone method/breaking), which is best described through the words: "the art of understanding the structure of the body, to be able to manipulate and break it at will"
Kotō Ryū is, however, characterized by linear movements, not circular as seen in Gyokko Ryū.
戸隠流忍法術 - Togakure Ryū Ninpōjutsu
Founded by Togakushi Daisuke in the late 1100's.
Togakure Ryū uses Gyokko Ryū and Kotō Ryū for it's taijutsu kihon (unarmed fighting basics).
However, in ninpō taijutsu, the main focus is on mutō dori (stealing an opponents sword) and kakushi buki (concealed weaponry).
Besides this bikenjutsu (secret sword arts) and other shinobi buki are also taught.
The techniques of this school are characterized by lightning fast and surprising movements, most often to facilitate escape.
神傳不動流柔体術 (打拳体術) - Shinden Fudo Ryū Jūtaijutsu (& Dakentaijutsu)
Founded by Izumo no Kanja Yoshiteru around 1113.
Jūtaijutsu - mainly throwing and locking techniques.
Dakentaijutsu - mainly striking and kicking techniques.
The characteristic of this school is the ability to beat large/heavy opponents. This is because the two opponents would historically be bearing armour. Also, often times, the throwing techniques leave no opportunity for the opponent to break the fall.
高木揚心流柔体術 - Takagi Yoshin Ryū Jūtaijutsu
Founded in approx. 1583 by the Buddhist monk, Unryū.
In approx. 1841 the top three students of the 13th Master, Yagi Ikugoro Hisayoshi, branched off to form three schools of Takagi Ryū.
In the Jinenkan we are learning the techniques for two of these branches, they were united through our late Master, Takamatsu Toshitsugu Sensei:
- Fujita Takagi Yoshin Ryū
- Ishitani Takagi Yoshin Ryū
These branches teach us the art of "jūtaijutsu" - unarmed combat, mainly grappling, throwing, locking, but also involving strikes and kicks.
九鬼神流 - Kukishin Ryū
The history of Kukishin(den) Ryū is a little complicated as there are several martial schools from old times Japan, with the word "kukishin" in their names - and each with it's own founder, densho and master.
In the Jinenkan we practice the techniques from two of these schools:
- Kukishinden Ryū Happō Bikenjutsu - founded in approx. 1113 by Izumo no Kanja Yoshiteru.
- Kukishin Ryū - founded in approx. 1000 by Nawa Shinzaburo Motonaga.
Together these schools form a very volumous study of the samurai arts, consisting of unarmed fighting, sword, staff, long-spear and truncheon - to name but a few.
Kukishin Ryu is created for the battlefield and for fighting on ships, at sea. For these reasons, the school is characterized by very deep and wide stances, and involves big, dynamic movements.
自然流 - Jinen Ryū
This Ryū-ha was created by Manaka Sensei himself and is a comprehensive study of several traditional Japanese weapon, true to the feeling of kobudō - the old martial way.
Jinen Ryū is inspired by the movements and forces of nature and teaches an elegant, simplistic and powerful method for combat.
Please see Arts for more information on the various weapon arts of Kukishin(den) Ryū and Jinen Ryū.
Classical paintings of samurai with naginata (glaive-like weapon)